A tympanometer is an instrument used to measure middle ear function. There are several different types; some can only do a few tests such as tympanometry and acoustic reflex measurements. More advanced tympanometers can provide a more thorough assessment of the middle ear. This includes the ability to identify middle ear diseases.
Tympanometry is a test where both negative and positive pressure is applied to the middle ear alongside a constant probe tone. Tympanometry assesses how much of the probe tone is absorbed into the middle and inner ear, and how much is reflected. This allows clinicians to form a picture of how the tympanic membrane acts and functions.
A tympanogram is a graph produced by tympanometry. It shows the movement of the tympanic membrane and is most often cone-shaped. The peak of a tympanogram is where the eardrum is balanced between negative and positive pressure. By using a template such as Jerger’s classification, it is possible to determine if the tympanic membrane moves freely or if a disorder is present.
To read a tympanogram, it is important to look at its shape and the values for ear canal volume, pressure, gradient, and compliance (also known as admittance).
The amount of ear canal volume (ml/mmho) depends on how deep the probe tip is inserted. Pressure (daPa) is the peak pressure, thus the peak of the tympanogram. Gradient (daPa) is the steepness of the tympanogram. Compliance (ml/mmho) shows how much energy is being absorbed by the ear and how much is reflected to the probe tip.
"Besides the Eclipse we also use the Titan in the clinic as well in hospital evaluations. As the name describes it is a “super” equipment, modular and very powerful."
Marcelo Ribeiro de Toledo Piza
MD, MSc, Brazil
"The hybrid interface is the way of the future."
David A. Geddes
Aud Audiology Supervisor, Health Partners, MN, USA
"The Titan with the Wideband Tympanometry feature has proven to be clinically beneficial in our busy ENT setting. We have found that the Average Tympanograms produce a more consistent and clear picture of the related pathology."
Jon Schee - (Stockphoto)
Aud, MN, USA